He introduced a new therapy focused on expression, self-acceptance and in the awareness, leaving behind the analysis of the past. This whole approach has revolutionized the observation of psychology.
Born on January 8, 1902 in a suburb of Chicago, he came from a family focused on traditional values and a religious education. Bright student, he spent his free time reading religious classics. With 12 years old he moves to a farm. The parents wanted to bet on a "scientific" agriculture. In 1919 he went to do a degree in agronomy at the University of Wisconsin. He involved himself in various community activities and changed the course of history, to pursue a career in the church. When he was in the third year of the course, he made a journey for six months to China and left his religious beliefs. When he returned home he won independence by breaking with the family beliefs. As a result of this process, he suffers from a stomach ulcer.
In 1924 he graduates in history and in the same year married with a friend from childhood, with whom he had two children. After he went in to the Union Theological Seminary in New York to attend classes of psychology. Gradually he realized that he had no vocation to the pastoral life. Then, after 2 years in the course he transferred to the University of Columbia and started attending clinical psychology and. To sustain the family he cooperated with ecclesiastical institutions. In 1926, he has his first of many "discussions" with psychiatry. He is accepted as an internal in the Home Office for Children, but they only wanted to pay him half of what psychiatrists received. But he achieves to be recognized as equal. In 1928 he finishes the doctorate. The following year he began to direct the Center for Child Guidance and the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty on Children, in which he remained for 12 years. In 1935 he also began to teach at the school where he graduated. In 1939 he publishes his first book, which makes him a known psychologist and he is invited to teach at the University of the State of Ohio. Here introduced the practice of psychotherapy and used it for the first time in a full recording of interviews. The December 11, 1940 he starts the therapy focused on the patient.
In 1944 he accepts to teach at the University of Chicago and establishing a new Center for Counseling. From 1945 to 1957 publishes an extensive bibliography. But from 1949 to 1951 he went through a deep depression, from which he comes out with the guidance of one of his former disciples. He starts to gain fame and is invited to give lessons in the best universities. He ends up going to Wisconsin in 1957, where for seven years he studied how to help the schizophrenic patients. In 1961 publishes "Becoming a person," a best seller worldwide. At 70 years old he received two major awards from the American Psychology Association. In the last years of his life he invested in over cultural workshops, seeking the establishment of peace. In 1987 he was indicated for the award of the Nobel Prize for Peace, but unfortunately he dies before on February 4, 1987, from a femoral fracture.