January 1, 1963 is a day that will be remembered in the U.S. history forever, the day when Abraham Lincoln announced the Emancipation Proclamation, which led to the liberation of slavery, at a time when slavery was at its peak. With this decision, the name Abraham Lincoln was never forgotten anymore. Besides having been the 16th president of the U.S. (1861-1865) he was also the first president of the Republican Party in the United States.
Born on February 12, 1809, in the state of Kentucky, southern U.S., son of a family of farmer’s, he had to start working hard soon to help his family, also because he lost his mother still a child. Already living in Indiana with his father and stepmother, he always desired to be someone in life. So after every working day, he went home to read some books he borrowed. With so much dedication, he was approved in the lawyer exam in 1836 and became a very popular lawyer. A year later, he went to Springfield, Illinois, where besides uprising his career, he met the woman who became his wife. After five years dating, he married Mary Todd, an equally ambitious woman. It is also at this time that he begins his political career. From 1847 to 1849 he acted in the Congress, but became unpopular due to the opposition to the war in Mexico. He decided to abandon the politics and devoted only to advocacy, but a setback in national policy regarding to slavery, brought him back in to scene.
In 1858, he disputes a position in the Senate with Stephen A. Douglas, challenging him to several debates on the extension of slavery in the free territories. He loses the election, but became a figure of national prominence, which opened the opportunity to run for presidency in 1860.
In March 1861, he took position. Eleven southern states didn´t agreed with his ideals and withdraw themselves from the senate and formed the United States Confederation. All this led to the American Civil War, which opposed the north to the south. On April 12 the factions started the bombing. Lincoln didn’t give up; he blocked the southern shipyards and increased the army. Despite the initial failures and the resulting unpopularity, he maintained strong. For him, the U.S. represented for an experience of people's ability to govern them self’s. The publication of the proclamation granted the freedom to the slaves of the confederated states, everything changed. The war gained a new sense, as the slavery was being abolished. At April 1st 1865 ended the civil war. The victory of northern states led to the reelection of Lincoln. Only 14 days after the war’s end, he was assassinated in Washington DC, while watching a theater piece, by one of the best-known actors in that time, John Wilkes Booth, defender of the southern cause; with a shot in the head. Lincoln didn´t resisted and died the following day.